广东麻将

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玻璃钢冷却塔的节电技术

时间:2014-08-11  浏览:1024

    JINRU90NIANDAIYILAI,SUIZHEJINGJIFAZHANHESHENGHUOSHUIPINGTIGAO,KONGDIAOKAISHIJINRUXUDUOCHENGSHIDESHANGCHANG、BANGONGSHI、HUIYISHI、LVGUAN、FANDIAN、CHEZHAN、YINGJUYUANDENGGONGGONGJIANZHUYIJIJUMINZHUZHAI。ZHEIXIEKONGDIAOXIAOHAODALIANGDEDIANNENG,ZAOCHENGCHENGSHIDEFEIGONGYEYONGDIANJIJUZENGJIA。ZHILENGKONGDIAOZAISHEHUIZHONGYINGYONGDEGUIMO,JINYIBEIJINGWEILI,2002NIAN7YUEDIANWANGSHUNJIANFUHEYISHANGSHENGDAO782WANQIANWA,QIZHONGKONGDIAODENGJIANGWENYONGDIANZHANBEIJINGDIQUDIANLIZONGFUHEDE38%ZUOYOU。SHAMENZAI2003NIAN8YUEKONGDIAOZHILENGYONGDIANZHANZONGFUHEDE32%。

    XUDUOCHENGSHIKONGDIAOYONGDIANLIANGYIZHANCHENGSHIZONGYONGDIANLIANGDE30-40%。ZAIJIHUSUOYOUDEGONGYEHUAGUOJIAZHONG,KONGDIAOHEZHILENGSHEBEIDENIANHAODIANLIANGDOUSHIDIYIDAHU。

    WOGUOSHIYIGERENKOUZHONGDUO、ZIYUANXIANGDUIBUZUDEGUOJIA。MUQIAN,WOGUORENJUNZIYUANZHANYOULIANGBUDAOSHIJIEPINGJUNSHUIPINGDEYIBAN,RENJUNNENGYUANXIAOFEILIANGWEISHIJIEPINGJUNSHUIPINGDE55%。

    ZHONGGUORENJUNYONGDIANLIANGZHIYOU1000QIANWASHIZUOYOU,ZHIXIANGDANGYUSHIJIEPINGJUNYONGDIANSHUIPINGDEYIBAN,YUANYUANDIYUFADAGUOJIARENJUNYONGDIAN2WANQIANWASHIDESHUIPING。

    DANZAILINGYIFANGMIAN,MEIWANMEIYUANGUOMINSHENGCHANZONGZHINENGHAOFANGMIANZEWEISHIJIEGEGUOZHISHOU,WEIYINDUDEERDIANERBEI,WEIFADAGUOJIADESIZHILIUBEI;SHIYONGNENGYUANDESHEBEIXIAOLVPIANDI,YOUZAOCHENGNENGYUANDELANGFEI,NENGYUANLIYONGXIAOLVBUGAO。

    DONGXIALIANGJI,KONGDIAOJIANZHUDEKONGDIAOHAONENGZHANZHENGGEJIANZHUHAONENGDE50%YISHANG。CAIQUBIYAODEJIANZHUJIENENGCUOSHI,KESHIKONGDIAOJIANZHUJIANGDIKONGDIAODESHEBEIYUNZHUANNENGHAODE25%YISHANG,YINCIJIJICAIQUHESHIDEJIENENGCUOSHI,YIYIZHONGDA。

    例如,一般酒店能耗以电为主,其中空调耗能占到总能耗的一半,其次就是热水。一个酒店的能耗当中,这两项占的比例最大,仅次于人力成本。
    关于能源的几个数据:

    WOGUORENJUNNENGYUANZIYUANJINWEISHIJIEPINGJUNSHUIPINGDE40%-50%。

    WOGUONENGYUANXIAOFEILIANGJINCIYUMEIGUO,JUSHIJIEDIERWEI。DALIANGDENENGYUANXIAOFEIYEZAOCHENGLEYANZHONGDEHUANJINGWURAN。YINWEIWOGUONENGHAOZHONGMEIYUEZHAN3/4。

    RANSHAO1DUNMEIPINGJUNPAIFANGCO2490GONGJIN,FENCHEN13.6GONGJIN,SO214.8GONGJIN。

    YINCI,JIENENGBUJINGONGZAIDANGDAI,ERQIEBAOHUHUANJING,LIZAIQIANQIU。

    ER、BOLIGANGLENGQUETAXITONGZUCHENG

    BOLIGANGLENGQUETAXITONGJIANJIE

    BOLIGANGLENGQUETAXITONGSHICHULIHEFENPEILENGLIANGDEKONGDIAOXITONG,TONGCHANGYOUSANZHONGFANGSHIDUISHINEIKONGQIJINXINGJIANGWENHESHENGWENCHULI:

    1.SHUIGUANLUSONGZHIGEGEFANGJIANDEMODUAN(FENGJIPANGUAN)

    2.FENGGUANDAOSONGZHIGEGEFANGJIANDEFENGKOU

    3.ZHILENGJIZHIJIEJINRUMEIGEFANGJIANDEMODUAN

    SHUIGUANLUSONGZHIGEGEFANGJIANDEMODUAN(FENGJIPANGUAN)BANJIZHONGSHIXITONG

    DALOUBOLIGANGLENGQUETACHANGJIANXINGSHI

    SHINEIHUIFENGHESHIWAIXINFENGHUNHEHOUJINGGUOCHULIZAITONGGUOSONGFENGGUANDAOSONGDAOMEIGEKONGDIAOFANGJIANSHIYIZHONGCHANGJIANDEFANGSHI。

    SONGFENGJINRUMEIGEFANGJIANZHIQIANBIXUTONGGUOJIZHONGDEKONGQICHULIZHUANGZHI(ZUHESHIKONGDIAOXIANG)JINXINGJIANGWEN/SHENGWEN、JIASHI/QUSHICHULI.

    ZAITONGGUOZHUFENGDAOHEGEGEZHIGUANFENGDAOSONGRUMEIGEKONGDIAOFANGJIAN

    BOLIGANGLENGQUETAXITONGDEZUCHENG

    BOLIGANGLENGQUETAXITONGSHIYOUYIXILIEQUDONGLIUTILIUDONGDEYUNDONGSHEBEI(RUSHUIBENG、FENGJIJIYASUOJI)、GEZHONGXINGSHIDEREJIAOHUANQI(RUFENGJIPANGUAN、ZHENGFAQI、LENGNINGQIJIZHONGJIANREJIAOHUANQIDENG)JILIANJIEGEZHONGZHUANGZHIDEGUANDAO(RUFENGGUAN、SHUIGUANJILENGMEIGUAN)HEFAJIANSUOZUCHENG。XITONGYIBANKEFENXIALIEWUGEXUNHUAN:

    (1)SHINEIKONGQIXUNHUAN;(2)LENGSHUIXUNHUAN;(3)LENGMEIXUNHUAN;(4)LENGQUESHUIXUNHUAN;(5)SHIWAIKONGQIXUNHUAN。

    ZONGTISHUOLAI,GOUCHENGBOLIGANGLENGQUETAXITONGDESHEBEIHEJIXIEZHUYAOSHIREJIAOHUANQIHELIUTIJIXIELIANGZHONG。

    REJIAOHUANQISHIZUOWEIGAO、DIWENLIANGZHONGGONGZUOLIUTINENGLIANGJIAOHUANDESHEBEI。DANGRENHEYIZUREJIAOHUANQIXIAOGUOBUHAOSHI,HUIZENGJIAXITONGHAODIANLV(kW/RT),BUSHIXITONGHAODIANLIANGZENGJIA,JIUSHILENGDONGNENGLIXIAJIANG。

    流体机械则是推动工作流体循环的动力装置,其耗电量W=QHh/η。耗电量的多少决定于运转时数h,输送的工作流体流量Q,工作流体循环所需要的扬程H以及效率η,减少其中任何一项,都可达到节能的目的。
    三、玻璃钢冷却塔系统设计中的节能

    YAOSHIXIANBOLIGANGLENGQUETAXITONGDEJIENENG,SHOUXIANYINGSHEJIHELI。BOLIGANGLENGQUETAXITONGSHIWEIKONGDIAOJIANZHUFUWUDE,YINCI,JIENENGSHEJIKEYIFENWEILIANGFANGMIAN,YIFANGMIANSHIJIANSHAOKONGDIAOJIANZHUDEREFUHE,LINGYIFANGMIANSHITIGAOBOLIGANGLENGQUETAXITONGDEXIAOLV。

    KONGDIAOJIANZHUZAIXIAJIYIKAOZHILENGJIJIANGSHINEIDEREFUHEYIDAOSHIWAI。XIANRAN,JIANSHAOLESHINEIDEREFUHE,ZHILENGJIDEYUNXINGSHIJIANJIUJIANSHAO,BOLIGANGLENGQUETAXITONGDENENGHAOJIUJIANSHAO。

    SHINEIDEREFUHELAIZILIANGFANGMIAN,YISHIYOUSHINEIWAIWENCHAERYINQIDERELIANGJIAOHUAN,LINGYIFANGMIANSHISHINEIZHAOMINGHESHEBEICHANSHENGDEREFUHE。YINCI,KEYICAIQUZHEYANG、QIMI、JUEREDENGCUOSHI,YIJIANSHAOSHINEIDEREFUHEDADAOJIENENG。

    1、JIANSHAOSHINEIDEREFUHE

    (1)ZHEYANG

    JIANSHAOYANGGUANGZHIJIEFUSHEWUDING、QIANG、CHUANGJITOUGUOCHUANGHUJINRUSHINEI,KECAIYONGTIAOYAN、ZHEYANGBAN(PENG)、DUMOBOLIDENG;JIANQINGWAIQIANG、WUMIANXISHOUYANGGUANGFUSHERE,KECAIYONGQIANSEWAIQIANGSHIMIAN,JIANGJUERECENGSHEZAIWAIQIANGWAICEHEWUDINGWUMIAN,HUOJIAKONGWUMIAN。

    ZENGJIAWAIZHEYANGDUIXIAJILENGFUHE(HUOGONGLENGLIANG)JIANSHAOSHIFENMINGXIAN。JUZHONGGUOJIANZHUKEXUEYANJIUYUANCEDING,ZAISHUINIWUMIANSHUASHANGSHIHUISHUI,XIAJIWUMIANDEBIAOMIANWENDUKEJIANGDI16-19℃。

    (2)QIMI

    TIGAOMENCHUANGQIMIXING,FANGZHIFENGXIJINFENG。CAIYONGSUGANGMENCHUANGBUJINQIMIXINGHAO,ERQIEREZUDA,BINGKEJIANGDIZAOYIN,JIANSHAOHUICHEN。HUOCAIYONGMENCHUANGMIFENGTIAO,TIGAOMENCHUANGQIMIXING。FANGJIANHUANQICISHUYOU8JIANGDAO5CI,JIANZHUWUDEHAOLENGKEJIANGDI8%ZUOYOU。

    YINCISHEJIZHONGYINGCAIYONGMIBIXINGLIANGHAODEMENCHUANG。JIASHEMIBITIAOSHITIGAOMENCHUANGQIMIXINGDEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN。GENJUMENCHUANGDEJUTIQINGKUANG,FENBIECAIYONGBUTONGDEMIFENGTIAO.RUXIANGJIAOTIAO、SULIAOTIAOHUOXIANGSUJIEHEDEMIFENGTIAO。

    (3)JUERE

    CAIYONGJUERECAILIAODUIQIANG、WUDING、MENCHUANGDENGJINXINGJUERE,RUYANMIAN、KUANGZHAMIAN、BOLIMIAN、JUBENYIXIPAOMOSULIAO、PENGZHANGZHENZHUYAN、JIAQIHUNNINGTU、JUANZHIYINGZHIPAOMOSULIAO、PVCSULIAOMENCHUANG、ZHONGKONGBOLIDENG,YIJIANSHAOWEIHUJIEGOUDECHUANREXISHU。CAIYONGKONGXINQIKUAI、ERCENGCHUANGDENG,LIYONGKONGQIGERE,YEKEQIDAOJUEREZUOYONG。ZENGSHEWAIQIANGJIWUDINGDEBAOWENCENGDUIDONG、XIALIANGJIJIENENGYOULI.

    (4)KONGZHICHUANGQIANGBI

    CHUANGQIANGBISHICHUANGDONGKOUYUQIANGDEMIANJIBIZHI,ZENGDAZHEIGEBIZHIBULIYUKONGDIAOJIANZHUJIENENG。TONGGUOWAICHUANGDEHAORELIANGZHANJIANZHUWUZONGHAORELIANGDE35%~45%。YIBANGUIDINGGECHAOXIANGDECHUANGQIANGBIBUDEDAYUXIALIESHUZI:BEIXIANG25%;DONG、XIMIANXIANG30%;NANXIANG35%。

    lJIANSHAOCHUANG、QIANGMIANJIBI,DUIJIANSHAOXIAJILENGFUHEYOUJIAOHAODEXIAOGUO。CHUANGDESHEJIHEFAZHANJINGLILEDANCENGCHUANGSHIQI、SHUANGCENGBOLIJIEDUANHEDUMOBOLIJIEDUAN。MUQIANZUIXIANJINDEJIENENGCHUANGSHICHAOJIJIENENGCHUANG,SUIRANCHAOJIJIENENGCHUANGBIPUTONGCHUANGDEJIAGEGAO(20~50)%,DANYIJIENENGJISUAN,TADEHUISHOUQIZHIYOU2~4NIAN。

    (5)ZHAOMING

    lZAIWOGUO,ZHAOMINGYONGDIANLIANGYIZHANZONGYONGLIANGDE10%YISHANG,ZHAOMINGYONGDIANWANGWANGZHIJIEZHUANHUAWEIKONGDIAOLENGFUHE。

    DUIYUKONGDIAOMIANJIDA、ZHAOMINGRONGLIANGDADEDIFANG,YINGCAIYONGZHAOMINGYUKONGDIAODEZUHEXITONG。ZHUYICAIYONGJIENENGDENG,JIENENGDENGFAGUANGXIAOLVGAO,SHIBAICHIDENGDE5BEIZUOYOU。JITONGYANGLIANGDUSHI,JIENENGDENGHAODIANZHIYOUBAICHIDENGDE1/5。

    CAIYONGJIENENGDENGBUJINJIANSHAOZHAOMINGDIANHAO,ERQIEKEYIJIANSHAOKONGDIAOFUHE。

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